Veracruz, Hidalgo, and San Luis Potosi State Masks
This region of Mexico has Huastec, Nahuatl, Otomi, and Totonac communities who proudly continue to wear masks in traditional religious dramas. Holy Week, Day of the Dead, and Carnival are important celebrations throughout the region and many masks participate in all of them. Huastec communities wear pairs of small masks in the Juanegro love drama between a rancher and his black servant. Moor and Christian battle dramas and Conquista dances are carried out by Nahuatl and Totonac people along the Hidalgo state border. Carnival is a festive time in this area where the various ethnic groups carve and wear a wide range of character masks including viejos, bulls, mojicas, monkeys, goats, birds, skulls, clowns, and strange erotic masks. In San Luis Potosi, Huastec people make large elaborate devil masks to wear for Holy Week, each community elaborating a particular style. Day of the Dead among the Huastec of Hidalgo and San Luis Potosi is when Xantolo dances are performed. A form of supplicant, Xantolos wear crude primitive masks as they go from house to house asking for food from the recent harvest and simulating sexual acts with ancestral spirits to help promote a good agricultural season and harvest the following year.